What is Agile: idea, principles, possible problems

What’s the idea

The flexible management methodology was invented to solve a number of problems of the classical / cascade / waterfall methodology (Waterfall). For example, too much emphasis on planning and the impact of delays in some teams on the work of others. To do this, as I have already said, we had to completely reconsider the view of the project work, and not change any individual mechanics.

  • Iterativenesses. Instead of working out a plan for a long time, and then even longer to make the perfect version of the product, the agile team tries to release a workable prototype as early as possible, and then test it again and again and finally finish it. Iterativeness can negatively affect the duration of development, but you almost immediately have a more or less working product.
  • Self-organization. In the team, everyone is equal, there are no managers, and therefore there are no hellish agreements. This saves resources, especially time.
  • The interpenetration of knowledge. Any specialist in an agile team should have at least basic knowledge of related specialties. In addition to cross-functionality, constantly diving into new topics allows you to keep the brain in good shape (in general, if the brain is regularly given new information, dementia will also come much later; but this is a completely different story).

Core Values of Agile Methodology

In the article about project management methods, I gave this definition:

  • People and interaction are more important than processes and tools. If your team has principles, traditions, structures, tools, or conditions that clearly interfere with your work, you should get rid of them. People themselves must choose the way of organization, the set of processes, the tools used. In the end, all this should help the work, not hinder it.
  • A working product is more important than documentation. This does not mean “work on Agile means work without documents”. Agile teams also have documentation, but they don’t spend a huge amount of time and resources on it.
  • Cooperation with the customer is more important than agreeing on the terms of the contract. Look a little further than the approval of the task and the estimate. There is no point to spoil the relationship with the customer, even at the cost of timely payment. If you can’t coordinate the work and spoil the communication, you will end up losing this client, and possibly the next ones. Any contracts, documents, and agreements should benefit your relationship with your customers, not spoil it.
  • Being ready for change is more important than following the original plan. Even if there is a project plan, it will almost certainly have to be changed over time — this is the essence of Agile.

What problems can there be?

Aw, what a cool Agile, huh? Although it can be used in any company (even if you are-God forgive me-a bank), it is not suitable for everyone. Moreover, its implementation can be extremely painful.

  • It is difficult to abandon the concept of “boss-subordinate”. After all, Agile is not a way of planning, but the philosophy of the whole team. Not every company can safely survive such a transformation.
  • Not everyone is ready for real teamwork. Many people are more comfortable working alone, reporting to management, and staying out of the way. And in the case of Agile, everyone will have to understand everything and constantly participate in someone else’s work.
  • Not everyone is prepared for the fact that some of the time may simply disappear. Let’s say the team was working on a task, and then it turned out that the project goals have changed and there is no point in continuing the almost finished work. All your efforts were in vain. This is a psychologically difficult situation that can easily kill all motivation.



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